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Series: Tom Clark and Naturalism

Knowledge and Bias: A First Response to Tom Clark

Knowledge and Bias: A First Response to Tom Clark

Several weeks ago Tom Clark commented here on a blog entry about dualism. Clark is the director of the Center for Naturalism and is (I believe) also responsible for a related website, Naturalism.org. He speaks nationally on naturalism and has authored many articles on the topic. I’ve read several of these articles and exchanged a couple of emails with him, and I’ve found him to be both gracious and thoughtful. If I were a naturalist or atheist, I would rather…

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Knowledge and Error: Second Response to Tom Clark

Knowledge and Error: Second Response to Tom Clark

Yesterday I made my first response to Tom Clark’s naturalistic epistemology, pointing to self-contradictions I believe it contains. I use the term “naturalistic epistemology” intentionally, for it seems to me his approach to knowledge is very strongly biased toward naturalistic conclusions. It was not these internal contradictions, however, that interested me most about his paper. It was his approach to knowledge in general, which today I am looking at from an exploratory angle. I do not expect this to lead…

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Knowledge and Evidence: Third Response to Tom Clark

Knowledge and Evidence: Third Response to Tom Clark

In this third look at Tom Clark’s paper, Reality and Its Rivals: Putting Epistemology First, I have just one topic to address: Most thoughtful religionists, paranormalists, New Agers, or adherents of other non-science based worldviews feel, at least to some extent, the force of the empirical imperative: that beliefs need validation independent of one’s subjective convictions. There are two main ways that they attempt to satisfy this requirement. One is to claim to be doing science, the other is to…

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Tom Clark, Empiricism, and Ethics

Tom Clark, Empiricism, and Ethics

After a two-month hiatus, it’s my pleasure once again to take upĀ conversation with Tom Clark, director of the Center for Naturalism, who also runs the website Naturalism.org and the Memeing Naturalism blog. Our first three rounds on this were interesting and productive, in my opinion, and apparently also Tom’s. Previously we discussed whether his approach to epistemology was adequate and supportable, which I do not intend to raise for discussion again here; I think we’ve covered that, even though we…

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Tom Clark, Empiricism, and Ethics, Part Two

Tom Clark, Empiricism, and Ethics, Part Two

I’m certainly more than overdue to respond to Tom Clark here, and now finally there is opportunity to do so. It has been so long since the last post on this topic, and this answer will run so long, that I’m publishing it as a new blog post. First, I want to state my agreement with what he wrote about non-Christians’ ability to “be moral in all the ways that Christians endorse,” though only partially. I think he and I…

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