(Also published at The Stream.)
What is marriage? What is it for? Why does marriage matter? Ten years ago, those were the hottest questions on the planet. Now they’re … nothing. No one even asks anymore, at least not in public.
That’s okay to a certain point: I don’t mind the public debate going silent for now until a more strategic time arrives. I just worry that things are equally quiet inside the churches, where we dare not let the marriage question die, and where we dare not give in to wrong answers.
You probably think I’m talking about same-sex marriage. No, not this time. Our culture got marriage wrong decades before that. Same-sex marriage was about who can get married. It got that answer wrong, but that’s because the straight world got a different and even more fundamental question wrong long before that. The marriage revolution didn’t happen in 2015, but 40 to 50 years before.
So now you may be thinking about the rise in divorce rates around that time. That’s connected, yes, but that’s not the revolution I’m thinking of, either. This one is even more fundamental than that, and it’s affected us even more deeply. So deep, there’s a fair chance you don’t even see the change that’s taken place. It’s affected us so much, I need to devote this entire article to simply helping us see what changed. I won’t have space here to explain why the change matters; that will come later.
I’ll begin by setting two scenarios before you.
The Marriage Revolution
The year is 2022. You’re the young woman or the young man, totally lost in love with your intended, longing for your wedding day to arrive, so finally you can be together for real and forever. You have important questions for your future, questions that will define your whole destiny: “Where should we live? What kind of work should we do? Should we have children? How many? How soon?”
Familiar enough, right? I expect every couple goes through those questions these days. I know my wife and I did. But now let’s time-travel back a few generations:
The year is 1962. You’re the young woman or the young man, totally lost in love with your intended, longing for that wedding day to arrive so that finally you can be together for real and forever. You have important questions for your future, questions that will define your whole destiny; questions such as, Where should we live? What work should we do? Should we ever make love together?
Wait, what was that last question?!
Did engaged couples ask that question? Not on your life! We can’t imagine it, and for good reason!
But in 1962, the only practical way to ask, “Should we have children? How soon? How many?” would have been by asking, “Should we or should we not make love when we’re married?”
I seriously doubt many engaged couples had long hard philosophical talks about that question!
The Question That Could Never Be Asked
Do you see now what changed? There was a time when marriage meant children. You could separate them conceptually, since the definition of “marriage” isn’t identical to the definition of “family.” A couple might marry and not end up not having children for some unexpected reason, and it would still be a marriage. But although you could separate the two conceptually, you couldn’t separate them practically or functionally. If you were a young couple thinking of getting married, you were a young couple thinking of having a family. No questions asked.
For nearly all of human history, if you’d asked anyone what marriage is and what it’s for, they would have said it’s a lifetime commitment (or at least ought to be) between a man and a woman, with:
- Well-defined sharing of responsibilities and rights — not often equally shared, but at least with customary and legal expectations to define the sharing
- Sexual intimacy
- And children.
Again: You could define marriage without children, but you couldn’t plan to have a marriage without planning to have children. The two were that inseparable.
(We need not worry much about rare exceptions. Human rules and institutions always have human exceptions, but the human rule remains the human rule, and the human institution remains the human institution; and for those who recognize marriage rightly as a divinely-ordained institution, the same answers applied there, too. )
The Change that Changed Everything
That’s ancient history now, though. Ancient, as in “almost as old as me, your author!” (I was born in 1956. Very ancient.) Humans have always tried various means of artificial contraception, but the first safe and reliable Pill wasn’t introduced until 1957. It was approved nationwide for married couples’ use through a Supreme Court ruling in 1965, and then in 1972 the Court approved it for all women.
If you were a young couple thinking of getting married, you were a young couple thinking of having a family. No questions asked.
The question that could never be asked suddenly became ask-able. For the first time in human history, engaged couples and newlyweds could ask, “Should we have children? How soon? How many?” Before then, no one would ask it; now every couple asks it. My wife and I did. And everything has changed as a result. I do not say “everything” lightly. Marriage has changed; and I don’t mean just some marriages, but all marriages. Families have changed, communities have changed, the whole culture has changed. The change has overwhelmingly for the worse.
A World Turned Alien
Yet we can hardly imagine it being otherwise. Picture yourself wandering a suburban neighborhood you’ve never visited before. Kids are everywhere. You find out that three families on that block have five kids, two others have four, and most of the rest have three. This is strange, you think. What kind of cult has taken hold here?
Very, very strange. It’s also the description of the perfectly normal (at the time) neighborhood that I grew up in. My own family was one of the three with five children; a large family, sure, but not out of place in our town.
What was normal then looks cultish now. Likewise if you could see today’s world through your great-grandfather’s eyes, you’d think the planet had been repopulated by aliens. Children themselves have practically become abnormal. It’s that different.
This is all introductory. All I’ve tried to say in this article is that the world has changed. Later on I’ll explore the difference that’s made.
Questions About Questions
I expect some readers’ mind are popping with questions at this point. I’ve got lots of them myself.
- Is this about same-sex marriage? No. This is about what happened decades before that.
- So it has nothing at all to do with same-sex marriage? Really? It has a lot to do with it, but we need to take things in proper order. What I’m talking about came long before that, and that’s where I’m going to focus for now.
- Is this just about Roman Catholic doctrine that artificial contraception is sin? Because I’m not a Catholic, and I don’t agree with that. No. I’m not Catholic either, and I don’t agree with that doctrine myself. I agree with my Catholic friends that artificial contraception has had huge negative impacts, and there is enormous load of sin associated with it. I wish more Protestants saw that more clearly. But I don’t think a couple’s decision to use contraception is necessarily wrong in all cases, so my Catholic friends and I disagree on that.
- Some couples still get married with plans to have lots of children, just like couple have always done, down through the ages. Are you saying this change affects them, too? Yes. Definitely. I’ll have to save that for later, though.
- Are you saying it’s wrong for couples to ask the children questions (“Should we have kids/When/How many…”)? No. You have to ask the question, simply because it’s impossible not to ask the question. You’re a child of the 21st century, so you will ask the question, and nothing will stop you from asking it. But I’m preparing here to suggest some new thinking for you to include in that conversation.
- What about unmarried couples, or couples living together, or people having a fling? Contraception obviously has a lot to do with that, but I’m setting that aspect aside for now to focus on the meaning of marriage.
Pastors: Even More Questions
If you’re a pastor or a teacher, you may also be thinking:
- This isn’t very helpful yet. I need more. Absolutely! See below.
- I’m especially concerned about how to counsel couples before marriage. I think you may be introducing a new and difficult question into the mix. Yes, I am, and when I’m done, it will still be a difficult question for many couples, so difficult that I could almost say I’m sorry to have brought it up. But only almost sorry. I am trying to speak truth here, and I do not apologize for that.
- This is going to be controversial for a lot of other people in our church, too. Yes, it will. The controversy is out there already. This is nothing new, though, for the gospel has always presented a challenge to culture. You can avoid the controversy by avoiding this topic, but you can only do it in good conscience if you think the topic isn’t important to your church — and then you’d be doing it in poor judgment. Marriage is important.
For pastors who are wondering, “How am I ever going to preach this?” I have a sample sermon available for you to read through and consider. At the end of it you will also find my best pastoral recommendation for couples that are wondering what to do about the children question.
When this mini-series comes to a close, I’ll add a further link right here to a page that puts it all in one place for you, with a summary and outline as well.
Image Credit(s): Unsplash/Bruno Emmanuelle.